The desire for gold has always been great in the heart of man. It is a shiny beast of an ore that is worth a lot of money. Even more so today when its value in the stock market is exploding. Consequently, when gold was discovered in French Guiana 150 years ago, the mining potential quickly became apparent. However, if each year, officially one ton of gold is extracted from the country, about ten others are extracted illegally.
In fact, the "garimpeiros" are gold miners from elsewhere often from Suriname or Brazil who take advantage of the fact that the immense territory covered by forests allows them to hide their excavation sites. In this area the size of Austria, it is difficult for the authorities to stop these foreign bandits.
Or, it seems increasingly urgent to do so because this illegal gold panning has disastrous consequences for the environment. Already, it has led to intense deforestation, thousands of hectares of the Amazon have been lost. In addition, the soils have been screwed up by the gold miners and their activity brings out mercury that accumulates in the waters, the fish and, inevitably, the Guyanese population that eats these animals.
In the summer of 2021, the discovery of bodies buried around former Canadian residential schools brought this dark page of Canadian history to light. Thousands of First Nations children were taken away from their families to lose their culture. An initiative that has left scars that are still very strong among the survivors today.
It may seem strange from the outside, but the rap world frequently adopts the codes and names of ancient Egypt. Why are they so fascinated by this period? Beyond the apparent splendour of this era lies a whole historical question of identity to be claimed.
Child prodigy Adora Svitak thinks the world needs "childlike" thinking: crazy ideas, unleashed creativity, and above all, optimism. Children's big dreams deserve better expectations, she thinks, starting with adults' willingness to learn from children as much as they teach them things.
Are we unmanageable and irrational beings? Some thinkers believe so. So they have proposed the concept of behavioural incentives (the "nudge"). These are subtle messages, or not, inviting individuals to behave in a certain way. The covid-19 pandemic was the scene of many such measures.
No matter how much we fight it, sexism is still rooted in our ideologies with stereotypes that have a hard life. Thus, many children are confronted by their gender when they "diverge" from it. These are enlightening testimonies on the path to follow to unravel this binarity, which is more ostracising than anything else.